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Cash flow problems can prevent a manufacturing business from making crucial upgrades to the machinery, buying equipment to stay competitive or hiring the experienced professionals needed to make the business a success. Manufacturing financing can help resolve these issues. Options for getting the capital needed to run a business efficiently include:
Factoring (which is the sale of accounts receivable to a third party), Loans (including manufacturing equipment financing) and SBA loans.
Factoring – also known as invoice factoring or accounts receivable (A/R) factoring—is the sale of pending invoices to a factoring company or a bank at a discount. Invoices can be sold once the goods are delivered to the customer. Discounts range from 1% to 5%, depending on the factor and the industry as well as the number and dollar amount of the invoices. To ensure that the invoices are factorable, it is best to use straightforward billing and avoid tricky-to-monetize arrangements such as progress or contingency billing. To learn more about factoring, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions page or contact us.
Manufacturing financing can help your business:
- Expand operations
- Make payroll or hire talent
- Make upgrades
- Invest in marketing and advertising
- Pay suppliers
- Invest in new projects
Factoring—the sale of invoices, or accounts receivable to a factoring company or a bank at a discount—can be used to pay for day-to-day expenses, fund growth or take advantage of bulk discounts. Business Factors offers non-recourse factoring, which means we absorb the loss if invoice is not paid.
Manufacturing loans are another way for businesses to get capital to buy new machinery or modernize a fleet of vehicles. Some loans allow a business to take advantage of the Internal Revenue Code (IRS) Section 179 tax break. This tax break permits a business to deduct the entire purchase price of the machinery from its gross income. Loans can be used to purchase equipment or for day-to-day operations. Some loan providers pay the equipment seller directly instead of wiring the funds to the business. Also, some manufacturers provide the financing directly to the business, or they partner with banks to do so. It’s important to read the terms of such agreements to ensure that they do not give the manufacturers undue influence over your business, such as in the case of supply chain financing arrangements.
A lender always wants to know what the proceeds of a loan will be used for. Businesses should be wary of lenders that do not ask about the use of the proceeds (UOP) as such lenders can be predatory.
Loans to purchase equipment or fund day-to-day expenses can be asset-based. This means they are secured by assets, such as machinery, equipment or real estate. They can also rely on revenue or a company’s cash flow as a source of repayment.
The cost of an equipment loan and the kind of loan a business can get vary depending on a business’s financial situation, including its assets, liquidity and track record and time in business.
Please note that any loan is likely to require a collateral filing. This means the lender may ask for something like a blanket lien on the company’s assets (a UCC filing in the U.S. or a PTSA/GSA filing in Canada). A business owner should always pay attention to the fine print to make sure that the collateral that guarantees the loan is proportionate to the amount of the loan. If the value of the items under the lien exceed the amount of the loan, the business can lose valuable assets in the case of default.
Most lenders require that you be in business for at least 6 months to qualify for a loan. If you run a startup but have creditworthy clients, manufacturing factoring can be a better alternative for your business.
Loans to purchase equipment can be based on the following:
- The business’s revenue or cash flow (revenue- or cash-flow-based loans)
- Its assets, including the equipment itself (asset-based loans)
- Hybrid arrangements that take into account both the business’s revenue and its assets
“Hard money” loans are a subtype of asset-based loans that are backed by real estate. Traditional asset-base loans are secured by accounts receivable (invoices), inventory and machinery and equipment. The lien on these assets allows the lender to take possession of the assets if the borrower defaults. The loan can also be secured by the equipment itself, in which case the lender can repossess it if the borrower defaults. Sometimes, in addition to placing a lien on the equipment, the lender also secures the loan with all the other business assets (an arrangement referred to as “blanket lien”). The borrower should always make sure that the value of the security required by the lender is similar to the amount of the loan. As mentioned on our Cash Flow Loans page, it is unreasonable for the lender to place a lien on the assets worth $100,000 for a $10,000 loan.
Let’s take a look at an example:
- Loan amount: $120,000
- Interest rate: 12.5%, payable quarterly
- Amortization (repayment of the loan principal): 5%, payable quarterly
- Loan term: 10 years
- Collateral: $150,000 offset printing machine, bought with the money from the loan plus $30,000 the business paid out of pocket
Interest and principal payments, as well as amounts outstanding in the first three years of loan’s life are shown in this chart:
In this example, the interest and amortization amounts paid depend on the outstanding balance of the loan. This balance is reduced as the amortization payments are made.
Let’s assume that the loan was extended in September in the previous year and begins amortizing in January of next year. The first interest payment will be $3,750, or $120,000 times 12.5% paid over 4 quarters; the first amortization payment will be $1,500, or $120,000 times 5% paid over 4 quarters. These payments are based on the full initial loan balance of $120,000.
After these first payments, the remaining balance of the loan is $118,500. In April, the interest payment ($3,703) and amortization payment ($1,481) are lower because they are based on this new loan balance.
Since only the amortization payment reduces the loan principal, the new loan balance after the April payments is $117,019. This balance is the basis for the next round of interest and amortization payments, which are made in June.
Gradually, the loan balance decreases with the amortization payments, and so does the interest payment as it is based on the loan balance. If any balance is left at the end of the 10-year period, it is paid off in one payment at maturity.
Business Factors & Finance specializes in SBA loans and can help your business prepare a winning application.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) is an agency of the federal government. It partially guarantees loans that are provided by private lenders. Because of the SBA guarantee, lenders are generally able to offer better terms than they would otherwise. These include competitive terms and counseling and education. SBA loans are available for general business purposes, to fund fixed-asset purchase and for export/import businesses.
These credit facilities can be hard to qualify for, especially if a business does not have any assistance. Reach out to an expert at Business Factors & Finance today to find out if an SBA loan is right for your business and to learn to prepare a winning application. With over 20 years of experience in financial services, Business Factors specializes in SBA loans, as well as revenue-based, working capital and cash flow loans that also can be used to fund manufacturing working capital and equipment purchases.
Read more about SBA Loans here.
In running a manufacturing facility or a machine shop, a company’s success is often dependent on completing projects on time and on meeting and increasing demand. But cash flow problems can make it difficult to take care of some important financial responsibilities. Manufacturing financing helps businesses resolve these issues. The options include manufacturing factoring—the sale of outstanding invoices at a discount to a third party—as well as manufacturing and SBA loans. Factoring relies primarily upon the credit quality of a business’s customers and can be used at short notice to resolve unexpected cash flow problems. It can also be used to fund growth or pay and retain highly-trained personnel.
Manufacturing Factoring can be done on a one-off basis or under a long-term agreement. Business Factors offers businesses the flexibility to choose the best arrangement. Manufacturing loans come in many forms, including revenue-based, cash-flow-based or loans. Loans can be secured directly by equipment, in which case the equipment can be repossessed if there is a default. Loans guaranteed by the SBA are another funding option. These loans may offer competitive terms but have stringent qualification requirements. They may also require a lot of paperwork. Contact Business Factors today for expert help in preparing a winning SBA loan application.
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